Phycocyanine is one of the accessory pigments of Spirulina allowing photosynthesis. It is responsible for the bluish coloration of spirulina and represents about 15% of its composition. Unjustly called phycocyanin, this active ingredient so much sought-after is in fact the phycobilisome, a complex composed of phycoerythrin, phycocyanin and Allophycocyanin.
Environment and availability
of the phycobilisome
The phycobilisome is naturally attached to the thylakoid membrane*.
The phycobilisome is hydrophilic. This characteristic gives it perfect cellular bioavailability. It is absorbed in the duodenum by facilitated membrane transport. In order to isolate the phycobilisome, it is necessary to cross a succession of membranes, then to release it from the surface of the thylakoids* to which it is firmly attached.
*Discs containing chlorophyll, stacked 50 or 100 high to form grana in chloroplasts
The research of the main ingredient company ® focused on the development of a process that ensures a perfect release of phycocyanin and its concentration at levels that ensure the full expression of its effects.
The significant concentration of ω X12 (12g/litre) shows the full effects of phycocyanin
The exceptional concentration of Phycocyanine ω X35 (35g/litre) makes it suitable for specific contexts such as the accompaniment of situations of pronounced fragility and the search for increased performance (high-level athletes, training phase and particularly demanding events, marathons, Ironman, long-distance trekking, etc).
There is every indication that a tiny fraction of the phycocyanin contained in spirulina is actually absorbable by the body. The challenge of its extraction is to achieve a complete release that will optimize the bioavailability and the radical increase (factor 100) of the amount of active phycocyanin in the system.
Phycocyanin presents effects qualified as dose Once released phycocyanin is known to be 7000 times more active than when contained in spirulina. This crucial extraction allows the organism to assimilate it more easily and in larger quantities. Indeed, if it is not previously extracted from spirulina, it must be extracted during digestion.
The prior release of the phycobilisome has the effect of accelerating and increasing its assimilation by the body, making its bioavailability incomparably greater.
The release of the phycobilisome has the effect of accelerating and increasing its assimilation by the body: Once extracted from spirulina, a much larger part of the phycobilisomes will be available early enough to be absorbed by the body.
a total release
Phycocyanin is perfectly water soluble. It is then naturally detached from the membrane to which it is bound in spirulina. It disperses instantaneously in water when the membrane of spirulina is broken, it is then released from the other elements of spirulina. By diffusing in the water, it is extracted.
Studies on phycocyanine consistently show a "dose-dependency", i.e. a direct relationship between the quantity ingested and the magnitude of the effects observed. The main ingredient company® addresses this issue by delivering a perfectly released and highly concentrated phycocyanine (ω X12 (12g/litre) & X35 (35g/litre) The effects of phycocyanine are dose-dependent, i.e. depending on the quantities ingested, the effects vary.
Our research efforts have focused on the development of an innovative and exclusive process for the total release of the phycobilisome without any trace of chlorophyll or chloroplast membranes. Unlike traditional processes, this process is non-destructive.
This process also makes it possible to achieve very high concentrations of phycobilisome, which are particularly interesting for maximising the effects. The threshold of approximately 1g/l corresponding to the standard of products encountered on the market in 2017 was first raised to 10g/l in the case of "phycocyanine ω X10", then 12g/l and 35g/l thanks to progress made throughout the development of the main ingredient company.
The phycocyanine ω is completely natural, without preservatives, colourings or flavourings.
the main ingredient company® innovates in the extraction, concentration and bioavailability of complex natural molecules.